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什么词后跟宾语从句(什么词后跟宾语从句)

初中阶段学习了三大从句,这三大从句分别是:状语从句,定语从句与宾语从句。其中宾语从句为中考的热点。在句子中担任宾语的从句叫宾语从句,宾语从句可以作谓语的宾语,也可以作非谓语动词的宾语,还可以作介词的宾语。宾语从句的考点有三个:①宾语从句的引导词②宾语从句的时态,③宾语从句的语序。宾语从句的连接词分为三类:①连接词:that, if whether②连接代词:what, who(whom, whose),which③连接副词: when, how , where, why, 。

考点一对策:

对第一个考点宾语从句的连接词,分清楚连接词的词性与含义是解题的关键。

例1.

—David, could you tell me ______? —Every four years.

A. when the 2014 World Cup will finish

B.how often the World Cup takes place

C. how many teams take part in the World Cup

D. who may score the most goals in the World Cup

本题根据后面的回答 —Every four years.是问频率,所以用连接副词how often ,是考连接词的含义。

例2.You have to know _____ you're going if you are to plan the best way of getting there.

A. what B. that C. where D. who

本题宾语从句为you're going,going为不及物动词不需要带宾语,所以不能用代词词性的连接词A与D,选C连接副词做状语。
考点二对策:

对于宾语从句中的时态考点,我们要具体问题具体对待。有时主语句讲的是过去的事物,从句也是讲过去的事物;有时主句讲的是现在的事物,而从句讲的是过去的事物 ;也有时主句讲的是过去的事物,而从句讲的是现在的事物。总之,有根据语境,具体问题具体分析。

例3.

—I don’t understand _______—I’m sorry. But I was doing my homework.

A. why you didn’t watch the football match B. why didn’t you watch the football match

C. why you don’t watch the football match D. why don’t you watch the football match

考点三对策

宾语从句是从句,无论宾语从句的引导词是否含有疑问意义,从句都不能用疑问语序,即不能在从句主语前加助动词词或把谓语中含有的助动词放到主语前。

例4.

—So, can you tell me ______ here today?

—Well, I was walking down Centre Street when a UFO landed.

A. what did you see B. what you saw

C. when did you see it D. when you saw

本题AC两个选项用了疑问语序,所以不能选,D选项引导词为副词,而从句saw缺少宾语,也不对。正确选项为B。

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